The Origins of the Livery Companies


 The origins of the ancient Livery Companies are lost in the mists of time but some, like the Coopers, can trace their descent from the medieval 'misteries' or Trade Guilds.

Guild derives from the Saxon word 'gildan', to pay, since members paid for belonging to the fraternity. They were craft or trade societies who tended to congregate in a common area for both practical and material convenience and it is easy to think of many streets within the modern City of London and its immediate suburbs whose names reflect this origin, for example, Ironmonger Row, Coopers Passage, Apothecary Street and Staple Inn - meeting place of the forerunner of the Woolmens' Company.

The Livery Companies

The Livery Companies have had an important influence on national life, on industry, social patterns and even language - phrases like 'on tenterhooks', 'to be at sixes and sevens' and 'hallmarked' owe their origin to the Companies. The Guilds protected alike customers, employers and employees by searching out inferior work and goods of bad quality and weight and punishing offenders. By preventing unlimited competition a standard of wages and conditions was preserved. Trade and domestic disputes were settled by arbitration at their Halls which served as meeting places and centres of recreation. There was also a close religious connection, each Guild having a Patron Saint. Moreover, with a great stress laid upon the dignity of a Christian burial, a particular privilege in being a Liveryman was the right to the use of the Company's Pall or coffin cloth, some examples of which still survive.

The term 'Livery' used to mean the allowance of food and clothing to retainers and officers of great households, colleges or crafts and the wealthier merchants' guilds but gradually came to be restricted to the wearing of distinctive clothing as a symbol of privilege and protection by which the allegiance of the wearer could be recognised. The wealthier companies used to provide a surcoat for their Freemen with the addition of a hood for Liverymen and, perhaps, a hat for the Master! Gradually, the use of this distinctive clothing became the privilege of Liverymen only and this privilege survives today in the ceremony of admission to the Company at which a Freeman is 'cloathed' as of the Livery.


Ian Luder

Master - Roy Campbell

The Worshipful Company of Coopers is one of the oldest in the City of London. In modern times it has evolved into the trustee of six principal charities and a social and charitable enterprise that retains an identity focused on the ancient craft of cask making.

We welcome members to enjoy a fellowship around our shared values and an interest in the history, culture and charitable endeavours that our company has pursued for the last 500 or so years.

We do hope you enjoy learning more about the Coopers’ Company, so please look around our website to find out who we are, what we do and how you can become part of it, should you wish to do so. 


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Family History


If you want to find out more about your relatives connected with the Freedom of the City, or simply learn more about your past, contact the

London Metropolitan Archives

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